GENERAL DEFINITION OF GRAPHENE AND OTHER SECTORS IN WHICH IT IS USED
Graphene has a hexagonal structure similar to honeycomb mesh. This ensures that the constituent of graphene is completely compact. Since this tight and durable structure of graphene prevents the transfer of water and oxygen, it can also be used as a coating material. It can be used in industrial cold storage and the bodies of vehicles used in food logistics. Graphene membranes are very suitable for use in food or drug packaging, keeping food and drugs fresh for a longer period. It may seem like a simple application, but it can significantly reduce the spoilage and waste of food. So, if we tell you that we have combined the most practical technology of recent years, RFID technology, with the miracle substance graphene? Now you will be able to use graphene in the production of RFID automation systems. Graphene is a nonmetal, so the sensitivity problem of RFID to metal is completely eliminated and RFID will not be affected by metals. Furthermore, thanks to its compact constituent, graphene also acts as an insulating material. The biggest problem of RFID after metals is the damage caused by foreign radio frequencies. Graphene, a strong insulating material, minimizes the damage caused by foreign radio frequencies.
Graphene has a large number of properties that will displace stones in the electrical and electronics sector. Graphene, which is a substance 12 times thinner than a hair strand, also has the property of being the lightest substance known to mankind. Even one square meter of it is only 0.77 milligrams. It is very flexible; it can be folded without deforming until its former shape has decreased in size by 20 per cent, and thanks to its extremely flexible structure, it can completely cover a football field with less than 3 grams. Graphene, one of the most durable substances known, is 200 times stronger than steel. Furthermore, graphene is also able to conduct heat quickly and in all directions. These outstanding properties of graphene open the door for innovations in the electronics sector where the ways to make electronic devices flexible while miniaturizing them are sought, and to make communication fast, efficient and secure. Briefly, graphene is a substance that can completely change the world, with unlimited integration properties in all industries.
Additionally, graphene is also used in the medical sector to detect many diseases and genetic disorders in the human body due to its very small size: Here are some medical wonders created by graphene:
Graphene is also a very innovative substance in chemical terms. The stable chemical and physical capabilities of graphene also make it attractive in the energy field. It is stated that graphene, which also acts as a performance enhancer in solar cells, batteries, supercapacitors and hydrogen batteries, can solve one of the most important problems of today which is the energy problem. Furthermore, thanks to its enormous conductive property, it also allows the batteries to charge at an ultra-fast rate.
The most applied areas of graphene have been coatings and composites. Graphene-containing coatings and composites have been started to be used in many fields ranging from automotive to paints, from the construction sector to metal products sector, from space and aviation products to personal care products. According to research, the size of the graphene composites market reached $ 50 million in 2018. It is estimated that this market will grow to $ 800 million in 2028. Due to the high adhesion properties of graphene, anti-bacterial coatings, insulating paints, anti-rust coatings, ultraviolet radiation inhibitors can be produced. It has been observed that graphene coatings provide more protection against microbial-induced corrosion than typical polymer coatings. Graphene coatings can be hydrophobic, conductive and chemically resistant. Hydrophobic graphene coatings are used where required on hydrophobic surfaces such as ship hulls, structures (cement), glass surfaces (mirrors, windows) and textiles. Graphene coatings can also be used as protective coatings with superior chemical, moisture, corrosion, UV and fire-resistant properties. Graphene is of great interest in the production of lightweight, durable and long-lasting composites due to its superior mechanical, thermal and electrical properties.
One of the areas of use that is on the agenda for graphene is the weapons industry. In particular, its usefulness will be aimed at armors and protection. It can be used to make helmets, bulletproof vests and many other accessories. It is a critical material feature for the future of police forces and armies. It has been proven that bulletproof vests have much more robust protection and are much lighter in weight than kevlar. It maximizes their mobility while providing a more protective shield to the security forces.